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Sacroiliac Joint Pain in Females: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

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People of any age or gender can suffer from sacroiliac joint pain, also called SI joint pain, a common musculoskeletal condition. It’s crucial to remember that women are more likely to encounter it. The sacroiliac joint, located at the base of the spine, is essential for transmitting pressure from the lower spine to the pelvis and supporting the upper body. When this joint becomes inflamed or injured, it can result in sacroiliac joint pain.

Sacroiliac joint pain in females can have several causes. Pregnancy and childbirth can strain this area significantly, leading to pain and discomfort. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also contribute to increased laxity in the joint’s ligaments.

Understanding the Causes of Sacroiliac Joint Pain in Females

Understanding the reasons for sacroiliac joint distress is fundamental for appropriately overseeing and treating this common issue influencing numerous females. The sacroiliac joint, which interfaces the bones of the sacrum and ilium at the foundation of the spine, is pivotal for moving power from the chest area to the lower limits and settling the body. Pregnancy is one of the principal reasons why ladies experience sacroiliac joint pain. Increased ligament elasticity brought on by hormonal changes during pregnancy might cause the sacroiliac joint to move excessively or be misaligned. The lower back or buttocks may become inflamed, uncomfortable, or painful. Injury or trauma to the pelvis is another frequent reason. Sprains of the ligaments or fractures can occur due to falls, accidents, or repetitive stress on the joint. These wounds can cause the sacroiliac joint’s usual alignment to be disturbed.

Reasons for Sacroiliac Joint Agony in Females

  • Pregnancy and Hormonal Changes: The hormonal changes that women experience, particularly during pregnancy, are one of the crucial factors behind the higher occurrence of sacroiliac joint pain in women. The arrival of the chemical relaxing during pregnancy brings about the slackening of tendons in the pelvis, working with the body’s groundwork for labor. This increased laxity in the joints can lead to dysfunction and pain in the sacroiliac joint.
  • Anatomical Differences: Women frequently have wider hips and a more curved lumbar spine than men. These anatomical distinctions can strain the sacroiliac joint and its surrounding structures, rendering them more vulnerable to injury.
  • Repetitive Movements: Certain activities commonly pursued by females, such as ballet, gymnastics, or even wearing high heels, can subject the sacroiliac joint to repetitive stress, thereby contributing to pain and dysfunction.
  • Past Injury: Wounds supported in the pelvis or lower back, like falls or mishaps, can harm the sacroiliac joint, prompting determined torment.

Symptoms of Sacroiliac Joint Pain

  • The soreness in the lower back, buttocks, or hip region are just signs indicating sacroiliac joint pain.
  • Pain that extends down the leg, resembling sciatica.
  • Aching or intense pain upon transitioning from a seated to a standing position.
  • Pain encountered during activities such as walking, ascending stairs, or running.
  • Rigidity in the lower back or hips.
  • Aggravation of pain with prolonged periods of sitting or lying on one side.

Diagnosis and Medical Evaluation for Sacroiliac Joint Pain in Females

Sacroiliac joint pain can be a debilitating condition, especially for females. These approaches offer a conservative and effective way to manage sacroiliac joint pain without invasive procedures. Sacroiliac joint discomfort is frequently accompanied by lower back, hip, and leg pain. It typically affects the sacroiliac joint, located at the base of the spine, and connects the sacrum to the ilium bones of the pelvis. When determining the cause of sacroiliac joint discomfort, consulting a doctor or other medical expert is imperative. Examination. During the test, they may apply pressure or ask you to move in specific ways to determine if your symptoms are related to the sacroiliac joint.

These tests may include:

  • Imaging studies: X-beams, CT outputs, or X-ray sweeps can give itemized pictures of the sacroiliac joint and encompassing designs, assisting your medical care supplier in distinguishing anomalies or harm.
  • Diagnostic injections: A diagnostic injection involves injecting a local anesthetic into the sacroiliac joint under guidance from imaging technology.
  • Blood tests: Although no definitive blood test is available to diagnose sacroiliac joint pain, specific blood markers may be examined to eliminate other conditions that may present with comparable symptoms.

It is essential to get the opinion of a medical professional who can evaluate your symptoms and provide personalized advice. It will enable you to receive the most precise diagnosis and recommend suitable treatment options to alleviate your sacroiliac joint discomfort.

Treatment Options for Sacroiliac Joint Pain in Females: Non-Surgical Approaches

Assuming you’re encountering sacroiliac joint pain, it is fundamental to investigate non-careful treatment choices can be helpful. Here are some practical approaches that can help manage sacroiliac joint pain in females:

  • Physical therapy: A specialized physical therapist can design a program to strengthen the muscles around the sacroiliac joint, enhancing stability and reducing pain. They may incorporate exercises, stretches, and manual therapy techniques to improve joint mobility.
  • Prescriptions: Over-the-counter painkillers like acetaminophen or nonsteroidal calming drugs (NSAIDs) can briefly ease sacroiliac joint agony. Now and again, your primary care physician might recommend more grounded prescriptions or muscle relaxants to alleviate side effects.
  • Heat and cold therapy: Applying heat or cold packs to the affected area can help reduce inflammation and soothe pain. Alternating between hot and cold treatments may also promote healing.
  • Supportive devices: Wearing a sacroiliac belt or brace can provide stability to the joint and ease discomfort. These supportive devices are designed to reduce strain in the area and promote proper alignment.
  • Injections: Corticosteroid injections help reduce inflammation and ease discomfort in the sacroiliac joint.

These injections are typically performed under guidance using fluoroscopy or ultrasound.

  • Low-influence workouts: Participating in low-influence exercises like swimming, fixed trekking, or strolling can assist with reinforcing the muscles encompassing the sacroiliac joint without putting unreasonable weight on it.
  • Posture correction and body mechanics training: Proper posture and body mechanics can decrease stress on the sacroiliac joint and minimize pain. A physical therapist can teach you techniques to maintain good posture during daily activities.


Sacroiliac joint pain in female is a prevalent ailment frequently correlated with pregnancy, anatomical variations, and repeated motions. Even though it can be challenging to diagnose and treat, a multidisciplinary strategy that includes physical therapy, medicines, and interventional procedures can successfully manage the illness and enhance the quality of life for affected people. It is crucial to speak with a healthcare provider for a thorough assessment and individualized treatment plan if you or someone you know exhibits signs of SI joint pain. In conclusion, sacroiliac joint pain can negatively affect women’s quality of life.

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